There are many reasons that culminate to create that pay gap. First and foremost, the route to progression is
essentially blocked. Dr Alison Parken, research partner of the Women Adding Value to the Economy (WAVE)
Programme, says: “Well-paid work is full-time work, and in Wales, for example, men hold two-thirds of those positions, whereas women occupy 80% of all part-time jobs, which are low- skilled, low-paid and have very little routes out.”
“Various forms of gender segregation combine meaning we will have gender pay gaps forever unless we do something about the employment structure,” she adds.
WAVE has developed a tool called the Equal Pay Barometer, which allows people in Wales to search for the average salary for men and women across 300 different jobs and highlights any gender pay gaps that may exist. The equalities act of 2010, introduced in the dying days of the previous Labour government, included section 78, which required companies to be transparent about the gap between male and female pay. But when the current government came to power section 78 was never enacted. Instead it was decided not to force companies to act but to wait for them to do so voluntarily, and very few have obliged.
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The aim of the WAVE programme is to understand and ‘interrupt’ the ways in which gender pay inequalities are consistently reproduced through occupational segregation in employment and self employment, through the ways in which ‘women’s work is contracted’ and through the operation of pay systems.
The WAVE programme has now concluded after 3 successful years. There are still loads of fantastic organisations that you can get involved with, take a look!Signposting
Women Adding Value to the Economy (WAVE)
Central Management Team
The University of South Wales
Faculty of Business, Law, Accounting, Humanities and Social Sciences
Pontypridd, Wales - UK